Question 1:

1.1) 1- digital access:

  • digital access refers to the full electronic participation in society. (Ribble, M. Student manual guide. 2nd edition. 2011. page 20)
  • not everyone has the same opportunities when it comes to technology. digital exclusion makes it hard for society to grow.
  • to become productive citizens we need to make sure that no one is denied digital access.

2-  Digital Literacy:

  • this refers to someone who has the ability to use communication and information technologies to create, find, evaluate, and communicate information, using both cognitive and technical skills. (Ribble, M. student manual guide. 2nd edition. 2011. page 35).
  • A new focus must be made on what technologies must be taught and how theuy should be used.

3- Digital commerce:

  • this refers to the buying and selling of goods electronically. (Ribble, M. student manual guide. 2nd edition. 2011. page 143)
  • everyone who  sells and buys goods electronically needs to learn how to do it effectively.

4-  Digital communication:

  • this refers to the exchanging of information electronically. ( Ribble, M. student manual guide. 2nd edition. 2011. page 56)
  • currently, we are not limited with regards to communication because people are able to keep in constant contact with one another, due to all the options and forms of communication we have now, compared to back in the day.

5-  Digital etiquette:

  • defined as a set of rules identifying the necessary behaviour that should be performed in order to make the Internet a safer place for everyone. (Ribble, M. student manual guide. 2nd edition. 2011. page 78)
  • it is not enough to create rules and policy, we must teach everyone to become responsible digital citizens in this new society.

6- Digital law:

  • refers to the responsibility of actions and deeds.
  • there are rules that are users need to be aware of in an ethical society.

7-  Digital Rights & Responsibilities:

  • Digital citizens have the right to privacy, free speech, etc.
  • Basic digital rights must be addressed, discussed, and understood in the digital world.

8-  Digital Health & Wellness:

  • defined as the physical and psychological well-being in a digital technology world.
  • Users need to be taught that there are dangers of technology.
  • Digital Citizenship includes a culture where technology users are taught how to protect themselves through education and training.

9- Digital Security (self-protection):

  • refers to the electronic precautions of technology to ensure safety.
  • We need to have virus protection, backups of data, and surge control of our equipment.

1.2) Digital divide is a term that refers to the gap between demographics and regions that have access to modern information and communications technology, and those that don’t or have restricted access. This technology can include the telephone, television, personal computers and the internet.

Digital divide in developed countries:

  • developed countries have more access to the internet and technology, compared to people in developing countries.  developed countries must invest in information and communications technologies (ICT) in the developing world not only the close the so-called digital divide but to encourage sustainable economic development and to create new markets for international commerce.
  • The benefits are obvious to those given access in terms of education and opportunity, but ICT availability in developing nations also fosters economic opportunities for all. In particular, internet access has the potential to foster economic development in sectors as diverse as tourism, agriculture and handicrafts.
  • a divide in infrastructure:  Developed countries have a better penetration of appropriate and up-to-date infrastructure than that of developing countries. (Ribble, M. student manual guide. 2nd edition. 2011. page 21)
  • Due to infrastructure restrictions, coupled with socio-economic factors, people in townships and rural areas utilise their mobile phones as a point of access to the Internet. but this become costly, which makes the digital divide bigger.
  • Mark Zuckerberg’s invention has launched Aquila, a solar powered unmanned plane that will beam down internet connectivity from the sky.
  • a divide in content. the internet is 70% in english. so this creates a divide for those who dont speak or understand english.
  • a skills divide. people dont have the skills to operate technology, therefore its creating a divide between contries  developed and are more skilled and countries who are developing, and have less skills.

1.3) Social capital is the collective of all social networks and the inclinations that arise from these networks to do things for each other.

  Social capital is about specific benefits that are achieved from the use of social networks.  it creates value for people who are connected to each other.
peole who engage in social media tools ( facebook, linkedin) are basically building social capital and increasing our social and communication skills. we are also growing our general digital literacy and increasing our psychological well being as we are connecting with other people.


Question 2:

2.1)  Define: finding a solution to decrease the unemployment rate of people between the ages of 15 and 24.

Discover: the economy of our country has decreased drastically, resulting in people being retrenched. Due to our economy decreasing, businesses cant afford to employ more people. This then contributes to the unemployment rate. Also, people do not have enough money to start up new businesses, which therefore decreases job opportunities and increases the unemployment rate.

Dream: Change in industrial technique:

Production technique should suit the needs and means of the country. It is essential that labour intensive technology should be encouraged in place of capital intensive technology..

Change in education system:

Educational pattern should be completely changed. Students who have liking for higher studies should be admitted in colleges and universities. Emphasis should be given on vocational education. Qualified engineers should start their own small units.

Expansion of Employment exchanges:

More employment exchanges should be opened. Information regarding employment opportunities should be given to people.

Design: – inform the community on the employment issues.

  • make the community aware of the solutions that have been identified and how you plan on implementing them.

Debrief: were the solutions successful or unsuccessful?

what can you do to improve the process?

2.2) A digital footprint is the trail of information we leave behind while using digital technology. We create these footprints by using the Internet, social media, credit cards, loyalty cards, GPS systems, etc.

Yes, digital footprint can become an issue because this makes it easier for people to get hold of our personal information, which can become dangerous.

Also, whatever you put online never disappears. there is always a way to find it. as a result of this, this may effect you when it comes to applying for a job.


  • B aware of what you post online, and consider impacts of that you post online.
  • keep your personal information private, and only upload a limited amount of information about yourself.
  • Choose safe and secure passwords that are unique to each login and be sure to change them regularly.

Question 3:

he Internet of things  is the inter-networking of physical devices, vehicles (also referred to as “connected devices” and “smart devices”), buildings, and other items embedded with electronics, software, sensors, actuators, and network connectivity which enable these objects to collect and exchange data.

this can affect businesses positivetly. because it can improve the way in which a business operates, it can get the businessa good name and build on the number of customers they get. however, this may also affect a business negatively because verything nowadays is so public. so if the business messes up, everyone will know about it. as well as a bad reputation could come of a business which will also affect the customer base.

Question 4:


Question 5:

Students may use their phones in class for research purposes. Phones should be kept in their bags during tests and exams, as well as their bags should be kept right in the front of the class so that they are unable to access them. phones may not be allowed for class activities, tests, or examinations, they may only be used for tests or class activities that state that they are open book activities or tests.



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